This work – dissertation defended in 2013, at Florianópolis Federal University/Post graduation degree Program in Urbanism, History and Architecture – approaches Joinville’s architecture, urban cultural landscape, preservation politicies and local law.
On the light of the ethnic multiculturalism, migratory processes and economic cycles, it presents the constructed cultural patrimony and the cultural landscape of Joinville, from 1851 up to present days.
The objective of this study is to provoke a discussion about the importance of the historical heritage of the built patrimony, as well as its protection. It is also understood the relevance and necessity of this work for educational purposes in the sense of disseminating knowledge to be grasped and contemplated as a collective, and this should integrate the knowledge of social actors about preservation through existing information on a cultural heritage inserted in the society of Joinville.
FROM MIGRATORY PROCESSES AND ECONOMIC CYCLES TO THE PRESERVATION OF THE URBAN LANDSCAPE: MULTICULTURALISM IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF JOINVILLE
This work is about the richness of the constructed cultural heritage, materialized in the urban landscape of the city of Joinville through its buildings. Such legacy results from the migratory process of the various settlements and economic cycles that have been responsible for the construction of the local architecture in a multicultural way, resulting in representative patrimonial heritage.
It is presented an extensive historical survey about the landscapes from XIX century, resulting from important economic cycles, wood and “mate” herb, which were city growth inducers. Four streets were analysed (central area to ground zero; to the north; and to the south); the structural axes of development were named after them. The previous occupation processes were not omitted; the people from the shell middens and after them, the caboclos – that were established in XVII century, as well as the Portuguese-Brazilian and African-Brazilian people, in the beginning of XIX century.
The African-Brazilian people later shared the territory occupation with the Teutonic people, through a commercial contract signed in 1849, enabling the colonization process of the city after 1851, when the history of the colonization process and the building of the landscape of XIX century began. The study followed an evolutionary historical, preservationist and educational approach – in the referred axes – until today, attesting the duration of the patrimonial legacy, as well the loss over time and in present days. Under the light of global and national preservationist policies, the management of local patrimony was examined, regarding losses, abandonment, deprecation and the compromising changes to the surroundings of listed buildings and other cases of ignored assets in the present landscape. Assessing local director plans it was also found that there is ambiguity in complementary laws – of land occupation and territorial structuring.
It has been pointed out how these laws are in direct opposition to preservation, under risk of destitution or concealment of the patrimonial wealth constituted throughout the historical local landscape.
For deepening and knowledge of the built history, follow the link: http://tede.ufsc.br/teses/PGAU0073-D.pdf